Minerals are the essential nutrients for your body to function. Minerals are needed for the production of bone and teeth, maintenance of cell membranes, transmission of nerve impulses, making protein hormones and enzymes, aid in digestion and absorption of nutrients. In this article I will be discussing some key minerals that are important for your health which can be obtained by eating a healthy diet. The following are Key minerals for health;
This mineral is found in the teeth and bones. Calcium strengthens your bones, aids in muscle contraction and blood clotting. It is also used for making blood vessels and heart muscles.
It helps to boost bone growth, maintains the nervous system, regulates heart rhythm and muscle contractions among other things. This mineral can be obtained from foods such as lentils, almonds and whole grains.
This mineral is found in red blood cells and is required by the brain to provide energy. It also aids in detoxification, metabolism, DNA production and formation of proteins, enzymes and other compounds. Iron deficiency can lead to anemia, while too much iron can lead to an overgrowth of bacteria in the gut.
Phosphorus is important in bone growth, the maintenance of cells and the production of energy. It is found in most dairy products and meats, including fish. It is also found in the salt and cereals.
It is needed to maintain healthy production of red blood cells, thyroid hormones and the immune system. It can be found in fish, liver and beans, as well as nuts. It is also found in Brazil nuts.
Potassium is an electrolyte (an electrically charged atom or molecule) that is essential for the body to function properly. It helps to balance fluids and maintain proper muscle functioning. Potassium can be obtained from most fruits and vegetables such as bananas, oranges and potatoes.
Zinc plays a role in many important bodily functions such as enzyme production, DNA synthesis, cell growth/division, wound healing and immune function as well as regulating insulin levels. It can be found in meat and fish but the best source is shellfish which have one of the highest zinc concentrations among foods. Zinc deficiency can lead to reduced appetite, growth retardation in children and lowered immunity.
This mineral is also known as salt and is important for the transmission of nerve impulses, the contraction and expansion of muscles, it maintains blood pressure as well as aids in digestion. Salt is found in processed foods such as bread and cold meats.